Dear Hillary: How Very Dare You!

Social Justice For All

HillaryLet me be as candid and transparent as possible: I was a very strong supporter of Bernie Sanders, and until the past four weeks, held out great hope that he would become our next President. Over the course of the past month, I have had to do a great deal of reflecting and ask myself where does this seemingly irrational antipathy for Hillary Clinton come from? Why have I participated in it? After doing some research and looking hard at systemic misogyny, I have had to confront myself with the truth that I bought into a narrative about Hillary Clinton that has been produced, packaged, and perpetuated by mostly the GOP with the help of many democrats and independents.

This narrative is a 30-year-old vilification of a woman who is bright, independent, wealthy, and powerful — a woman who asks for what she wants and needs. How very dare you…

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The English language, secular sovereignty, commonwealth, a literate population, a shrunken world and the fact that there will never be another Germany with a Hitler to boot; The Brexitons have it all

“Size of a mother cow’s udder, confirms to the calf that there is milk tomorrow and the day after.” This is a saying from the Baganda. The Commonwealth (former colonies and dominions of Britain as well as the US) is a fall back position; a shrunken interconnected world that is accessed by cheaper transport or at one’s mobile device; and no fear of another Germany with a Hitler are a confidence bedrock the Britons have on which a Brexit solidly stands.

Complexity is no longer the exotic and has long ceased to be vogue. Inhabitants of Europe and their cultures can be separate while at the same time they can share beliefs, institutions and values. Europe is a common home.  Britons will not lose their European identity. For this was bestowed upon them when they were part of the Roman Empire (Spencer M. Di Scala. 2004) with Rome as a unifying factor. Identification of Europe was established in many layers beginning with Romans, Latin, monarchies with related bloodlines, christianity/christendom, countering islam and Ottoman Turks in 7th and 8th centuries, common legal and political principles, judicial institutions, monetary system, weighs, measures,  and a similar sophistication as compared to say, the cultures and people of their colonies.

They may have exited, but continued diplomatic vigilance, political equilibrium, military preparedness are going to become the new dimensions around which to  organize. This means newer jobs and ways of life. Philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli defined Europe according to the government and political styles of the individual states. There are lessons learnt in his treatise The Prince. Individual liberty, diversity, multiplicity of states are spectacular and both short and long-term. Short and long-term events and tendencies define European History. Britain has a stake in what defines Europe. Britain has its hand in what shaped the world today. It will fall back on its history to shape its destiny with the help of the US. The role of US in Europe is going to increase immensely. The US is going to realize that it can make allies with other countries as strong as the ones it has with Britain.

The role of US in Europe is going to increase immensely.

The US is going to realize that it can make allies

with other countries as strong as

the ones it has with Britain.

Britain is thinking of utilizing its historical ties with the commonwealth countries. Market and commonwealth are mentioned in different circles. I recall a radio talk show I was listening to and the presenter touched on Boris Johnson’s comments about Obama (Ashley Cowburn. April 22nd 2016). Boris is said to have remarked: “Because of his grandfather and Kenya and colonialization, I think Obama has a bit of a grudge against this country. His attitude to Britain might be based on his ‘part-Kenyan’ heritage and dislike of the British Empire,” (Anushka Asthana. April 22nd 2016). Even if this was in a different light, it is still something that will be addressed. Boris will apologize, some political concession will be made ( perhaps the British Commission in Kenya will send funds to that school named after President Obama…well, something or other that politicians will come up with). The UK as we have known it will be different and negotiate differently now around the commonwealth.

The Canadian High Commissioner said: ”We have always believed that the Commonwealth has a significant role,” he said. “Canada, the relationship, as we all know, is extraordinarily close. We have a unique relationship between us, given our history (Michael Wilkinson, une 26th 2016).” The market for British goods and products (I am sure we are going to see many ‘Made in England’ things again) is the next thing on their mind. Lord Hill, Britain’s EU Commissioner warned of serious consequences from a leave vote as France, Germany and other Eurozone countries moved to gang up on the UK to favour their own financial services industry. He continued to say: “I wanted it to end differently and had hoped that Britain would want to play a role in arguing for an outward-looking, flexible, competitive, free trade Europe. But the British people took a different decision, and that is the way that democracy works,” he continued to say in a statement (Claire Phipps, Ben Quinn and Chris Johnston, June 26th 2016). 

A confidence in the commonwealth as a future market base: the sheer numbers of below 65 year olds who are well educated (Louis Doré. 2016) professional, travel and look at the world using a different lens; and that there will never be Germany with a Hitler anymore are strong motivation for the Britons. All of this in a globalized world. England, Northern Ireland and Wales or Britain( if Scotland is still in) will have to cut their coat according to the global cloth (Sebaspace). The English language as a heritage acts in their favour. Indeed, the Commonwealth is a fall back position; a shrunken interconnected world that is accessed by cheaper transport or at one’s mobile device; and no fear of another Germany with a Hitler to boot are a confidence bedrock the Britons have on which a Brexit solidly stands.


Ashley Cowburn. April 22nd 2016. Boris Johnson accused of ‘dog whistle racism’ over controversial Barack Obama Kenya remarks. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Anushka Asthana. April 22nd 2016. London mayor under fire for remark about ‘part-Kenyan’ Barack Obama. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Claire Phipps, Ben Quinn and Chris Johnston, June 26th 2016. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016. 

Louis Doré. 2016. How old people have screwed over the younger generation – in three charts. Retrieved from:–W1AA_n4nEb?utm_source=indy&utm_medium=top5&utm_campaign=i100. Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Michael Wilkinson. June 26th 2016. EU referendum: Battle to be Brexit Prime Minister heats up as Tory MPs question Boris Johnson’s leadership credentials. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Sebaspace. 2016. Brexit: the battle royal for who decides elections is properly joined. Retrieved from: Retrieved on June 25th 2016.

Spencer M. Di Scala. 2004. Twentieth Century Europe: Politics, Society, Culture. New York NY 10020. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Globalization and a little bit of westernization impact on lifestyles around the world today, we need to admit

The intensification of global interconnectedness, means a world full of movement and mixture, contact and linkages, and persistent cultural interaction and exchange is to their advantage. The quick flows of capital, people, goods, images and ideas across the globe. The increased communication, transportation and technology, intensification of the links, modes of interaction and flows that interconnect the world. Interdependency of the global and the local landscape such that, while everyone might continue to live their local lives, their actions made in their local environment have become global events that come back to have an impact on local spaces.

The transfer of skills and simple technologies that can be localized and made appropriate make localization a pursuit and hobby. It means that people can enjoy their local villages however remote they may be as long as they are connected and can make cappuccino or engage with friends via twitter or facebook.

Today, western culture is mentioned in the same breath as say, Asian or African cultures. The frameworks of superiority or inferiority are now incorrect.  It used to be that all values, goods, and cultures came from the United States and European countries and were then passed to everyone else. Now values, goods, and cultures come from all over the world and are shared to any number of countries across the globe. There is an anti-Eurocentric movement from the practices that take European or Western values, concerns, good and culture and place them on other countries located around the globe.

“Westernization” does not occur, in the sense that people absorb ideas, values and lifestyles from Western Civilization. People now customize there own ideas, values and lifestyles. The US has China Towns, Japan Towns, St. Patrick’s day, Kwanzaa, Martin Luther King Day, Shabbat, Hanukah (Jewish Holidays and Festivals), to name but a few.

Immigrants or other cultures in United States try their best  to assimilate with the American lifestylin order to provide a better opportunity for their families but for the most part they make their own way of life too as part of self-determination (China Public Holiday Schedule 2016/2017/2018.) .

Globalization has brought a “time-space compression”, meaning the transition between moments and distances between spaces are being shortened and reduced. It currently takes much less time to get tasks done than ever before and geographic distance is no longer an obstacle that must be overcome. Next is, “deterritorialization”, meaning that physical locations no longer matter with respect to cultures and people. Different cultures can now communicate and connect with each other from all different parts of the world like never before. From a social standpoint these two factors contribute to the largest and most important effects of globalization.

Globalization has completely altered the way in which the world operates. The barriers that once hindered our ability to communicate and interact with people across the world have diminished. Globalization has become ingrained in all fields: business, government, economic, social. equity and extermination of poverty, financial institutions become spokespersons of the financial community. globalization has also opened windows into how hypocritical and inconsiderate some ways of life of the haves are experienced. Through the social media, we have glimpsed into the lives of how the very rich live and how the poor keep on getting poorer.

Attempts to explain that inequality and inequity is made in the Globalization and Its Discontents published in 2002 by the 2001 Nobel laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz (Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2002). He maintains that the procedures and rhetoric of financial institutions widen the gap between developed and developing, which resulted from undemocratic paternalism and lack of accountability, transparency. Undemocratic paternalism is inflicted through ideology, assuming the model IMF presents is universally applicable. Moreover lack of accountability and transparency is pronounced in unfair trade agenda. The criticism against Stiglitz is that government failures should not necessarily be equated to market failures. Companies with good management have stood longer than some governments. In other words, governments cane challenged or even outcompeted by well managed companies or organizations. Some organizations have incomes far more than the GDPs of certain countries. Wal-Mart Stores. Wal-Mart began as a small discount store in Arkansas in 1962 and in forty-five years the company has grown to the world’s largest retailer and second largest company. It seems almost unfathomable that, in less than fifty years a home-town company could become the world’s second largest corporation only behind Exxon-Mobil.

Millions of people travel internationally (John Yunker. 2014). Europe and Asia represent the largest destination markets overall. Domestic travel is also surging around the world — with more than five million domestic travelers per year.The first things that come to our mind when we think about travelling is relaxing, getting to know other countries and cultures, maybe spending some quality time with our family and friends and escape from our daily life. Due to globalisation travel has changed tremendously over the number of years and created a lot of opportunities and different ways of travelling. Globalisation has impacted travel in such a way that almost everyone in the world is now capable of having differently packaged holidays at least once a year. The packages include: exotic safaris or internal travel to interesting places or community events. Travel  has created a dichotomy of the well traveled and the less traveled. Unfortunately, it tends to relate with the privileged and less privileged. Why it is unfortunate is that such words like primitive are bundled in explanations of certain cultures or people who are different from us.

The increasing usage of the internet has given us the opportunity to access information much more easily than previous generations. Whilst sources of knowledge were hardly reachable back then, the internet enables fast and easy access to education. Another kind of travelling which gets more and more popular, especially among younger people, is “Adventure Travel”. It includes physical activities, such as biking tours, motor cycling as well as near-natural activities like fishing and snorkelling. Furthermore, adventure vacations may contain cultural shocks, as the so-called “Ghetto Tourism” gets more and more popular. These are trips to impoverished regions where you get to know the downside of the large disparity between rich and poor. We can order for food or sex or book a hotel room using of mobile devices. customers in more developed markets often interact with companies via PC-based websites, customers in emerging markets are more likely to interact via cellular devices. The way data is streaming is making it possible for many to pay what they can afford and in turn there is an increasing likelihood to use mobile apps or websites that stream images or videos. This has also created  a culture of writing about experiences in form of blogs and the accompanying pictures have made some blogs gain bigger readership, likes and follows.


China Public Holiday Schedule 2016/2017/2018. Retrieved from:, Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Jewish Holidays and Festivals. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

John Yunker. 2014. Globalization Lessons from the Travel Industry. Retrieved from: Retrieved on: June 25th 2016.

Joseph E. Stiglitz . 2002. Globalization and Its Discontents. W. W. Norton & Company

Things Fall Apart; A literary critique of Chapter 24

Both in depth and breadth, chapter 24 depicts the fullest extent things fall apart

Debris, mud-slides and village-size rocks have fallen off a seemingly sturdy mountain. Okonkwo, his homestead, Umuofia community and the nine villages are pulled apart as one turns the pages in the book.

Chinua Achebe in “Things Fall Apart,” holds a surgical scalpel and goes on about cutting away at what held together Umuofia, Mbanta, Isike and other villages next to Umuofia. Chapter 24, positions the description and meaning of “Things Fall Apart” in 42 paragraphs.

Chinua Achebe uses broad strokes of differently shaded hues in form of: setting, irony, rhetoric, satire, sarcasm, dialogue, imagery, conflict and foreshadowing to showcase the things.

Okonkwo’s quick wrestler’s eyes fail him; ears that heard cheers now distill doom; his bound hands were a shadow of yesterday’s productive limbs that never neglected his farms and therefore promptly produced barnful of yams; the feet that sprang deftly in a wrestling match, stood mockingly in the path of authority; his discerning mind became a cumulus of sinister war motives also torn between private beliefs and changing times ; a mouth that led men in battle, failed to exchange greetings with friends (chapter 24, paragraph 22); a time had come when the men of Umuofia will have to enjoy their homes with permission from the District Commissioner; other forms of passage in life were introduced to the men of Umuofia such as the white person’s customs; the stream ceased to be the only fixture at the head  of the path; strangers from other lands served as messengers who ensured that the White man’s law is in effect in Umuofia;  and for a man whose adversaries held him in awe, the encounter with the head messenger was different. The author talks of the face to face meeting as follows:  “the man was fearless and stood his ground,” (Chapter 24, paragraph 35).

“He sprang to his feet as soon as he saw who it was. He confronted the head messenger, trembling with hate, unable to utter a word. The man was fearless and stood his ground, his four men lined up behind him.”

The name Okonkwo ceases to be mentioned with adjectives such as: courageous, exemplary and greatness. The author chooses to start the chapter with “Okonkwo and his fellow prisoners were set free as soon as the fine was paid,” (paragraph 1). The footpath to the stream now has other destination points of import and on which life in Umuofia will depend in the same way as the water drawn from the stream. These destination points are the Church and courthouse. These were added to the landmarks that defined Umuofia. The people of Umuofia and the other nine villages will have to find time to engage in the affairs of the Church and courthouse periodically as sure as they fill their barns with yams or break the Kola nut.

Okonkwo and other men were so subdued as to be capable of motor or neural reactions even when addressed by the District Commissioner. The men of Umuofia were known for unsolicited rebuttals almost on any subject. They had a supply of precedents from their own culture.  The District Commissioner was speaking to them again about the great queen, and about peace and good government. “But the men did not listen. They just sat and looked at him and at his interpreter,” (paragraph 1). To the District Commissioner, they were ex-convicts on their last day of incarceration. Having undergone rehabilitation as well as ended their sentence, they were now permitted to go back to their homes.

Normally, the last day of prison should be celebrated. But, the ex-convicts are seen going back home with heavy and fearsome looks  that the women and children they met on the path to the stream did not say “ ‘nno’ or ‘welcome’ to them,” ( paragraph 3). The men brooked no gestures of welcome or any empathy. There was no excitement. “ The village was astir in a silent, suppressed way,” ( paragraph 3).

Okonkwo enjoys food but after returning from prison, he is urged to eat by his friends who had come to be with him ( paragraph 4). Time goes by after they had arrived from prison but all the while Okonkwo expected Umuofia would retaliate by waging a war and Okonkwo expected to play a big part in this. This was eating at his mind. “As he lay on his bamboo bed he thought about the treatment he had received in the white man’s court and he swore vengeance,” (paragraph 7).    The men of Umuofia were no longer war-like. Even its renowned orators did not have “booming voices which a first speaker must use to establish silence in the assembly of the clan,” ( paragraph 24). The assemblies gathered when it was time to build barns, mend huts or putting compounds in order ( paragraph 30). Some sons of Umuofia never attended the assemblies. These sons were referred to as deserters who “joined a stranger to soil their fatherland,” ( paragraph 33). The orator who could not use a booming voice to gather the assembly turns out to call upon men of Umuofia to get ready for war. The leader however, does not command enough respect and attention from the crowd. After speaking for some time, he was forced to stop half way his speech. “We must bale this water now that it is only ankle-deep…….,” ( paragraph 33).

At first, the approach of the five court messengers stirs up the assembly ( paragraph 34). Secondly, Okonkwo confronts the head messenger and trembling with hate he draws first blood. He draws his machete, brought it down twice and the head messenger’s head lay beside his uniformed body,” ( paragraph 39). The assembly was repulsed by this action and the author describes the people as having  been “merged into the mute backcloth of trees and giant creepers,” (paragraph 37).  The meeting was stopped not by the person who had called it but by the  beheading of the head messenger.

There would be no war, the blood on the machete had to be wiped off, okonkwo realized Umuofia had let the other messengers escape.  The assembly had broken into a tumult and not action. Okonkwo heard voices asking: “ ‘why did he do it?’” ( paragraph 42). This rebuke consumed the last vestiges of resolve. He realised the men of Umuofia had lost the power to fight and were now compared to the men of Abame. Okonkwo felt he no longer belonged in Umuofia. He was abandoned by the men of Umuofia.


Chinua Achebe. 1959. Things Fall Apart. Anchor Books. Random House, Inc. New York.

© Tom Rogers Muyunga-Mukasa

     Content Development Initiative  2016

Tom Rogers Muyunga-Mukasa, APHA

Muyunga-Mukasa Tom

                 One day, I happened to be walking by a lane to a destination I did not know. While I looked at the surroundings a dazzling light from a far kept glittering. This took away much of my attention. I missed my turn. But, it was a blessing in disguise. For coiled in a deadly s-shape was the African cobra that must have been chasing a rat which I saw earlier crossing the road in a rather dazed way. I never gave it a thought until I heard the hissing and rhythmic slashing sounds against the grass. My walking by must have saved the rat, but it angered the snake.
                  As if from nowhere a speeding motorbike passed me by even before I could point out the big black and green snake. The vroom-vroom sound and the smell of fuel must have scared away the snake which crawled so fast back into a nearby anthill. The anthill was  the size of a bus and we knew it harbored a snake but few had ever seen it. This anthill was as old as our village. I continued walking until I came to a turn off which led to the village chief’s home. I told a child at this home to switch off a light that was left on. Electricity supply is irregular in this area and so it is common for people to forget to switch off security lights. That is what I saw, from a distance, as a glitter.When I got to the spot, I realized it was a security lamp at the chief’s home.
                  Life is like that most times. It is both a journey with objects that fascinate or scare. Life is a destination too. I planned for my journey to get me to the highest qualifications of the land. As I talk now, I am an APHA. Who knows what tomorrow holds? Yes, la luta continua.  Tom Rogers Muyunga-Mukasa, APHA.

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni’s Presidency 2016-2021

I am sure he will focus on roads, railways, housing estates, working class, middle-class and agriculture. I am sure of this.

Uganda is a small country right in the centre of Africa. South Sudan, sudan are at the north; Congo ( DRC) is on the east; Kenya is on the west; and Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda are on the South.

President of Uganda YKM after elections-2016

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. (All pictures are sourced from CBS FM Buganda News crew).

President Museveni won with a resounding 60something percent. His next contender, Dr. Kiiza Besigye, got 3o something percent. The elections took place on 18 February 2016 and by February 20th 2016, they had announced the winning president. During a celebratory


YKM Family in Rwakitura after elections-2016.

The first cousins, nieces, nephews and family jubilant after elections-2016



rally he gave at his Rwakitura home, the President warned the Youth about the danger posed by HIV/Aids whose prevalence rates and new infections are on the increase in most parts of Uganda.

“You the youth should avoid cheap temptations because they are temporally. You should have discipline and know the importance of health. I am 71 years old but I have managed to address over 300 rallies in just 100 days without any problem because I have handled my life properly. It’s not wise to squander the life God gave to you because it’s a precious gift and parents need to play their part and advise their children to lead a healthy and disciplined way,” he said.

Museveni urged parents to be honest to their children about their way of life because you are their number one councilors failure of which you would have neglected your God given duty” he said.


President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni at his farm after he was announced the winner (2016).

In the next five years, it is my humble prayer that Uganda launches into a long term construction bid. I am sure this will get so many people involved. Like I wrote in my introduction I am sure he will focus on roads, railways, housing estates, working class, middle-class and agriculture. I am sure of this.

Quick Facts About Uganda Following the On-going Election Campaigns 2015-April 2016

1. Four major candidates have the logistics to move around Uganda: Incumbent/President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni NRM Flag-bearer; Colonel( Ret.) Dr. Kiiza Besigye FDC Flag-bearer; Former Prime Minister, Amama Mbabazi TDA Flag bearer and Dr. Abed Bwanika PDP Flag bearer

2. Four other candidates are still having problems moving around the country: Mr. Mabirizi J.,  Ms. Kyaalya Maureen, Major ( Ret.) Benon Biraro and Professor Barya Venansius.

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